The Political Polarity That Was Athens and Sparta

Around 800 B.C.E. the Greek populous started to coalesce into communities which were called poleis. The polis was a city state with its own governing body and typically a military. Each polis varied considerably from other poleis. A polis could have anywhere from one thousand to tens of thousands of citizens between its main urban center, and its surrounding towns and agricultural developments. The poleis of Sparta and Athens were two of the largest and most powerful city states in ancient Greece. These two poleis were also among the most competitive, mostly with each other, and influential in the ancient Greek world.

Athens was a largely agriculturally based polis in Attica, off of the Aegean Sea. It was dependent on slaves to do the manual labor of the polis, from working the fields, to working in the homes of Athenian citizens. Athens was a democratic city state whose society revolved around politics, as it was the primary day to day activity of the male citizens. Athens hosted a powerful navy which was influential on more than one occasion for fighting off Persian invasions.

Sparta is in most ways the opposite of Athens. Sparta is also heavily dependent on slaves, or ‘helots’ as they are called. Helots primarily work the land which was conquered by Sparta for agricultural production. Sparta is a highly militaristic polis, having its entire society based around warfare. For more of the antiquity of Greece than any other polis, Sparta maintained the definitive hoplite infantry force in Greece.

The attitude of both of these great poleis was vastly different. Athens was the sophisticated, innovative, and cultured democratic polis. Sparta was completely militaristic. It was traditional, simple, and straight forward. At birth newborns in Sparta were judged as being big and strong enough to become a Spartiate warrior, or a child was judged incapable, and it was left in the mountains to die. At age seven children were taken into state-run educational systems where men were trained for war. Athens young men were largely dedicated to battle, not to the degree of Sparta, but there was a large factor making up for this fact.

Pericles, an Athenian Strategos, had urged the married women of Athens to bear more children. Athens population was much greater than Spartas to begin with, and had a much larger birth rate. Spartiates were to get married between age twenty and thirty, but until age thirty, they were to remain living in the barracks. “Men living in the barracks were only permitted to meet their wives surreptitiously-a fact that may account in part for the notably low birthrate among Spartiate couples.” To compete with Athens, Sparta’s’ militarism was necessary to keep up, but they did even manage to surpass the Athenians land forces.

Both poleis had forms of government to match their respective differing attitudes which further high lights the polarism of these two city states. Spartan government is made up of two kings, of equal power, each with their own royal family and line of succession. Under them is a council of twenty-eight elders, who put issues forward for a strictly ‘yes’, or ‘no’ vote, with no discussion, by an assembly made of all Spartiate warriors over thirty. There was also five ephors, who were elected officials with the task of supervising the educational system, and to protect the traditions of Sparta. The ephors had the power to remove a king from command if necessary. If anything, the Spartan government, and society overall was primarily static, and compared to such a polis as Athens who was a quickly changing and open cosmopolitan city state, Sparta could be called stubborn.

Athens’s form of government changed from time to time, but primarily Athens was ruled by nine Archons who exercised executive power in Athens. They had one year terms, and once their term was over they were lifetime members of the Areopagus Council. The council had a large influence on the judicial matters of Athens. This council was the party responsible for electing the Archons. The political atmosphere in Athens did change considerably, because of its open and democratic nature, and more than one politician caused political reform. Politics and discussion went hand in hand. Athens also hosted some of the most well known philosophers in history, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, which were all very political thinkers.

Athens and Sparta were two fundamentally different city states functioning In the same ‘country’, which at times could have been said to not have been big enough for the two of them. With each polis striving to expand outside of Greece, as well as each trying to control the various smaller and less powerful poleis of Greece they were fierce competitors. This elicited more than one armed conflict, including the twenty-seven year long Peloponnesian war. Though on a few occasions Athens, Sparta, and various other unfriendly poleis banded together to fight invading Persians, the two poleis were both too fundamentally different, competitive, and patriotic to allow any strong unity between them beyond peace and trade treaties. They both existed as communities adapted to survive independently from other city states, and when their interests merged either it was to protect Greece itself from foreign powers, or it meant conflict as they fought over resources and other goals.

Furniture Outlet Store Shopping – Getting Solid Deals on Great Furniture

A great place to look for a new sofa and loveseat is the furniture outlet store. You can find a great set at a fraction of the cost. It does not necessarily have to be a sofa or loveseat though! Maybe you need new furnishings for your kitchen. A new dresser or wardrobe for the bedroom? You can find any of these items plus a ton of other housing staples at one of these stores.

As far as the living room is concerned, the furniture factory outlet is a supplier of coffee or conversation tables, end tables, TV stands, and stereo shelving. You can also find reclining chairs, rocking chairs and the more traditional straight back chair with ottoman. All of these are available in addition to the larger furnishings. In the kitchen area, you will find dining tables, chairs in many variations, hutches and buffets. For the bedroom, you can expect to see bed frames, headboards, footboards, corner posts and mattresses as well as storage units such as the chest of drawers. Your furniture factory outlet will also carry smaller items like wall mirrors, faux plants, dressing tables, secretary desks and wooden filing cabinets.

The best part of all of this is that the prices are very low compared to what you would normally find. They can keep prices low and still profit because they have access to such a large supply of furnishings at one time. As a wholesaler, they have the ability to order and sell large quantities. As with any business, the more you order at one time, the better your price! They can then pass this savings on to the customer (you!). In most instances, this will allow you to save upwards of 20% off the retail price. When you are talking about spending hundreds of dollars, or more, this can become quite a significant savings for you. The furniture factory outlet is definitely the best place to start your hunt for new household goods.

Another benefit is that they often have the item you want right in stock, whereas a smaller store may have to order it. Ordering can take weeks and can end up costing you even more in the long run. You will typically find that the furniture factory outlet has many of the more popular colors readily available for many items. They tend to stock up with what sells well, and since furnishings run in trends, it is not too far off to think that several people in a particular neighborhood might enjoy furnishings in the same styles or colors.

Be sure that you check the online furniture outlet as they often list sales right away. You may be able to snag a huge deal before someone else even has a chance to see it! Read the fine print if something is deeply discounted. This may be a sign of a defect that you or I would not even consider noticeable; but in the manufacturer’s eyes, a defect is a defect. To us, that just means more money in our pockets!

Holiday & Travel Guide For Athens, Greece

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Sightseeing

The incredible city of Athens, home to the ancient Gods and what a city to explore. The history and myths of this land are truly amazing, but be warned, the heat can sour to well into the 30’s during the hottest months of June to August so make sure you carry plenty of water and cover yourself from the scorching heat whilst touring the magnificent ancient ruins of Athens.

Let’s start with the Acropolis site, as this is what most tourists visit Athens for. These magnificent buildings are said to date back to the 4th century BC. The Parthenon building was originally constructed as a Temple, it has since then been a church and then a mosque. This building is easy recognised by anyone around the world, its vast size is jaw dropping and no amount of pictures that you have seen will prepare you for the true enormity of this site. Also, there are the ruins of a great theatre, that had once been used in the Roman times for gladiator fighting, nowadays the theatre is still used but for the more gentile performances of Ballet and other concerts. After you have spent most of the day exploring the wonders of this ancient site and listening to the myths that surround it from the guides, you will probably need a good rest before you prepare yourself for more wonders, along with the many museums full of ancient relics. Children as well as adults will love the Children’s Museum and for those that love music, there is also a Music Museum, then a Greek Folk museum. Actually, there are quite a few museums and all of them are worth of a visit along with the art galleries. You can’t miss the day tour to Delphi, to marvel at the ancient sanctuary of Apollo or the magnificent monuments and bronzes in the museum. For those who want another cultural trip, visit Cape Sounion where the 5th century temple of Poseidon stands, then the famous theatre of Epidaurus in Argolis. There is so much to see you may be better off hiring a car so you can do the tours at your own leisure and cut down excursion costs.

Shopping and eating

You will have a great time shopping in Athens modern town, with a multitude of shops to choose from, but the best place to visit has to be the old town “La Plaka” with its narrow pedestrian streets and quaint shops. You can spend hours searching for your ideal gift or souvenir in any one of the shops, as they are crammed full of delightful items, like jewellery, paintings and copies of ancient relics and buildings. There is something for everyone; you won’t leave the old town without purchasing something. If your feet are tired then there are plenty of cafes for you rest up in and have a well earned drink, and more than enough restaurants in the old town that serve a variety of meals from moussaka and stuffed tomatoes to filled baguettes, snacks and delicious pastries. For those looking for more international foods then the modern city centre would be the place to find it, as well as most of the glitzy nightlife of the city.

Happy Holidays

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Choices For Shopping at Coach Outlet Stores

Whenever a woman thinks of buying the finest quality leather products, the first name that comes in her mind is of Coach. The products of Coach are famous all around the world. The prime reason behind its increasing fame is that company never compromises on the standard as well as quality of the products.

To cope with the increasing demand of its products the company has opened official Coach Factory outlets. Even these factory outlets were not enough so the company had to open private Coach Outlet stores. At the moment there are two choices for a person who wants to buy Coach Product.

 

  • Out Door
  • In door

 

Out Door: Out door shopping means that a person purchases the product directly from the retailer or the outlet store. When person plans to buy a coach product from outdoor he has a range of options. He can have it from Coach Factory outlet store, coach outlet store and from regular Coach Boutiques. In this way the company Coach helps his customers to have valued and standard products at reasonable prices. The customers can also avail the chance of selecting from the wide range of designs and colors. Most important aspect of outdoor shopping from coach outlets is that the customer feels completely satisfied with the products; as these come directly from company. The customers can enjoy having the authentic product at discounted prices by shopping from coach factory outlets.

In order to cover the increasing demand of Coach Purses and handbags; coach has also opened Coach Handbag Outlet. At these outlets products of women interest are available at a marvelous discount. The best product offered at these outlet store are discount coach handbags. These stores are of great help to the customers as they provide the option of easy selection compared to the mixed outlet stores.

In-Door: In door shopping mean shopping the products from internet, without going to the stores or outlets. The advancement in technology has made possible the shopping at home. With the passage of time indoor shopping is taking the place of out door shopping. The prime reason is that person can save plenty of time and travailing expense. Indoor shopping only requires an internet connection and a comfortable couch. Everybody is allowed to visit as many stores as he can and avail the chance to select from the wide range.

Indoor shopping is also termed virtual shopping. It has few advantages. The biggest one is the credit card hacking issue. However better discounts are offered on online coach outlet stores as the store has the chance to save its cost of running he store. The profits can be easily transferred to the customers.

What to Consider When Buying Clothes in an Online Outlet Store

Buying clothes in an online outlet store can be convenient and practical, especially since the price of good clothes today almost borders the prohibitive. For one, an online outlet store can offer cheaper prices while you shop in the comforts of your own home. You d not have to go to stores one by one to look for particular pieces of children’s clothing-all you have to do is search for a particular item and you will have all the choices available literally at the tip of your fingertips. Before, cheap children’s clothes can only be found in bargain stores or secondhand shops; today, you can buy brand new clothes for your children or loved ones at a fraction of the price thanks to the existence of the online outlet store.

But buying clothes online can be tricky and difficult. You can’t easily fit the clothes, so you are never sure if they will fit your child. The Internet is also home to a number of frauds and scammers, so buyers should also practice caution when buying clothes in an online outlet store.

To make sure the online outlet store you are going to do business with is legitimate, look for testimonials from its previous customers. Consider, in particular, reviews about shipping time, customer service, and, of course, overall customer satisfaction. If you see more than one testimonial saying the service of that particular online outlet store is substandard, try to look for other stores. Also, be wary of an online outlet store that does not provide a 24-hour customer service number. And although e-mails and Internet messaging correspondence are acceptable forms of getting a hold of customer service representatives, you have to make sure the store responds to queries and complaints immediately.

This is important because you are bound to inquire a lot about the sizes of the clothes you are going to buy. Sizes differ from brand to brand, so you will have to inquire regarding the standard size of their clothes. It is safe, therefore, to buy a just one specific brand you when shop in an online outlet store, especially if you plan to buy more than one piece of clothing.

Most importantly, you have to check the store’s return policy. You may have to return items due to improper sizes since you won’t get to try the clothes on the child. Make sure the store’s return policy is flexible; for example, the online outlet store lets you return clothes that don’t fit for no extra charge or clothes that look drastically different compared to its online description and picture.

But while there are of considerations involved when shopping online, it offers a number of conveniences too. You can easily canvass for clothes and compare their prices. With a little precaution, you can maximize the comforts of shopping for children’s clothes online.

Dining in Athens

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 Athens  is one of the oldest  cities  in existence and has a fascinating dining scene. Traditional tavernas and ouzeries mingle with contemporary restaurants, fast food joints and cafes to create a truly diverse dining landscape. Who knows what you’ll find in  Athens .

A Historic City

 Athens  is full of historic monuments, having been inhabited for around 7,000 years. The city has been swept through a number of cultures including Hellenic, Dorian and Ottoman.

 Athens  colorful history adds to the culinary experience you’ll find there. While the city now boasts over 3-million people in its urban area, it has seen many faces, battles and artistic triumphs. One look at the Parthenon, located in the Acropolis, during sunset and you’ll be smitten.

Greek culture was born in  Athens , a  city  named after the goddess Athena who, in mythology, battled Poseidon for rule over it. The two higher beings were to present a gift each, Poseidon’s being salt water to represent naval rule; Athena’s was an olive tree symbolizing peace and prosperity. The Greeks chose democracy and thus was born the basis of western culture and politics.

Explore the Tastes of Greece

In  Athens  you’ll find a variety of great restaurants. While commercial, touristy restaurants are popular with visitors it’s often at the family owned tavernas that you’ll find the real cuisine of Greece.

Greek dining is epitomized by fresh seafood, simple flavors and mezethes, or “tapas”-like shared plates. Look for eateries where you can see the food prior to eating it, or that advertise fresh fish on their menus. Whether you’re in the Plaka or Psiris in central  Athens  or enjoying the sea views in the Microlimano, you’ll find fish on the menu.

Start with a glass of house wine (often better than the bottled) or anise-flavored ouzo and a couple meze while you peruse the menu. If you’re ordering fish, notice whether the price is per kilo or for the whole dish as eating fresh seafood, like many places in the world, can get expensive. If budget is of no concern then enjoy the best you can get!

One important thing to do when dining out in Greece is to notice where the locals are eating. Don’t be caught in tourist traps that feed you commercial foods. It’s not every day you get a taste of Greece, so it has to be worth your dollars.

Common foods in Greece besides the variety of seafoods such as various small fish like sardines and anchovies as well as octopus, include pork and lamb dishes like gyro or souvlaki; vegetable dishes that include eggplant, tomatoes, potatoes and green beans; rice and pastas. If you’re stopping for a quick bite grab a gyro, or pita sandwich, or go for a fresh greek salad. Many things here are simply flavored with garlic, herbs, lemon, salt, pepper and of course olive oil. Check out an ouzerie or cafĂ© for an afternoon drink and simple meal.

Vegetables and legumes are important inclusions in the Greek diet and vegetarians will find tons of options for dining. Enjoy tasty falafel (chickpea patties), bean soups or dolmades, which are grape leaves stuffed with rice and fresh herbs.

Greek desserts pleasure any sweet tooth without going over the top. Greek yoghurt, nuts and honey are common ingredients in Greek desserts, many of them wrapped in phyllo pastry.

Great coffee didn’t become popular in Greece until recently but now you’ll find a ton of cafes serving cappuccino and frappe (iced coffee). Coffee in Greece is unlike coffee in the United States though. You may be served instant coffee or coffee that isn’t so finely strained. A little grounds never hurts, and actually makes the coffee seem better, a little more rustic.

Where to Dine in  Athens 

 Athens  is a huge  city , and it can feel overwhelming when you first get there to know where to go. Inquire with the hotel staff or make friends at local cafes to learn where the diamonds in the rough lay.

The main dining areas of  Athens  include:

Plaka-this is the oldest part of  Athens , this mainly pedestrian area features most of the touristy places, but also some great dining gems and cafes.

Psiri-you’ll find a lot of culture and history here. Known for its anti-establishment stance Psiri features fine dining, tavernas and cafes alike. It’s advisable to start first with Plaka and Psiri when doing adventurous dining in  Athens .

Mikrolimano-this breathtaking area of Piraeus features fresh seafood dining with incredible views. This is an especially busy area during the summer, and features some of the more expensive restaurants in  Athens .

Kifissia-this is upscale  Athens . You’ll find a lot of entertainment venues and expensive, beautiful restaurants here.

This is only a touch on what is available for dining in  Athens , but gives you a good start. Be open to new things and really explore the tastes of  Athens !

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Coach Factory Outlet Stores – A Better Option For Buying Discount Coach Handbags

Coach is a well know and well reputed leather Products Company of America. It is known for long time, for its leather products world wide. Coach is more famous for the purses and leather Handbags. Leather is well known for its durability and neatness, so looking over the interests of the customers, Coach created unique and quality designed products from leather and due to high demand they were distributed to other parts of country through Coach Factory Outlet Stores, this helped in boosting the sales, along with that customers from different parts of the country were able to buy quality and standard leather products of their favorite manufacturer.

Coach Company has a clear concept that only leather is the most durable material for purses, handbags and jackets. And this concept proved to be true, with their products. They have the innovative skills of providing the most wanted designs. Each product of Coach has a unique shape suitable with the day to day style and fashion.

This is true that price of Coach Products is a bit high; this is only because they provide quality products with complete refund guarantee. They have a ken policy that you want to buy quality then you have to pay well for it, and that’s I think a reasonable deal, pay well and get well.

There are few basic advantages of buying Coach Products from Coach Online outlet Stores or Coach Factory Outlet Stores.

 

  • Low price: Since the products offered at the factory outlet stores, comes directly from the factory without any part of retailer so they are low in price, because the margin of the retailer is subtracted out, and you get your desired product at best price.
  • Quality Product: Since you buy from a store owned by the factory itself, so it simply means that you are buying 100% genuine and quality product. And surely Coach never compromise on quality of product.

Buying products from Coach Factory Outlet Stores, you get more options to choose from, as they are supervised by the company so they use to place all the products of the company so you get more options to choose from at reliable price.

It’s a ground fact that customers needs satisfaction, and its very tough job to satisfy them, but still Coach has strong policies which are totally based upon customers satisfaction, coach factory outlet stores are build up just to provide quality and original products to its customers.

Things To Do In Athens, Greece

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Athens is one of the oldest civilizations in the world and this means that there are ample places to see and visit in the city. The home of famous philosophers like Aristotle, Socrates and Plato has many things to offer visitors.

Acropolis is the considered to be one of the biggest attractions in the city. It is the site where ancient Athens was situated and home to temples dedicated in the honor of Athena, the patron goddess of the city. The main buildings in this ancient city were designed by Pericles, and most of them were constructed between the years 460 BC and 430 BC. The most popular attractions are Parthenon, Erechtheion, the Temple of Nike and Propylea. At the very foothills of the Acropolis is Plaka, where you can visit numerous museums. The Jewish Museum, the Greek Folk Art Museum and the Museum of Contemporary Greek and European Paintings are located here.

You should not miss a chance to visit the ancient agora in the city. Marketplaces played an important role in ancient Greece, and when visiting modern-day Athens, you will have a chance to see the ruins of the ancient marketplace in the city. There is an entrance fee levied, but it is worth it. You can also visit the Ancient Agora Museum to see the exhibits and also admire the marvelous architecture of the building.

If you are not a fan of history, then modern-day Athens will not disappoint you. The main square in the city is known as Syntagma Square and this where all the hot spots of the city are located. Here you will find restaurants, shops, hotels and bars situated around a huge water fountain. To the north and south of the square are some great gardens that house a number of cafes where you can sit down to sip a cool drink or take a quick bite. The square is also close to the Greek parliament and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

Kolonaki District is located close to Syntagma Square where you can visit designer stores and boutiques to purchase branded labels. The District also has posh eating places. It is considered to be one of the richest suburbs of the city.

If you are in Athens, you should not miss a trip to the local flea market situated at Monastiraki. You can get good bargains and souvenirs to take home. Finally, take the metro to get some information about this city. While the metro was being constructed, many ancient artifacts were found which are now displayed in some of the stations.

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Coach Outlet Stores – Best Idea to Purchase Discount Coach Handbags

When it comes to shop from an outlet store, the idea you get in your mind is that the products available at such store are of good standard and quality. All of those products are guaranteed with the material used, moreover the furnishing of the product is perfect and according to the revolving advancements in field of style and fashion.

The terrible changes in fashion, brought us to the edge point, such that we have to keep ourselves updated with the regular changes, else we will be left behind. But alas those original products from reputed manufacturers are very expensive and they are out of our budget range, but on the same time we have to move with our fellows so this way replica product came up in the market. These replica products are not up the mark, but still they are enough to cover up our needs of fashion.

Furthermore, replica products are actually copy of the original products, and most of times their manufacturers uses the actual product trade mark, with a slight difference in spelling, so the customers get confused of it, and this way they buy replica products rather then the original product.

Now a question is how to solve this problem of buying genuine products rather then replica products. Very simple never shop from an unknown store, but always prefer to shop at official outlet store, suppose if you want to buy Coach Products, then always to go for Coach Factory Outlet Stores because there you will find the genuine product of Coach manufacturers. Similarly, if you are shopping online, then don’t forget to visit the Coach Online Outlet Stores where you will again find the official products of Coach.

These outlet stores can also be found at big shopping malls; moreover they only sell the genuine products of the designers so there is no issue of getting replica product at such stores, but keep in mind that pricing of the original products is a bit high, and you should never compare there prices, because comparing the price of original product with the replica will confuse you.

So the actual reason of shopping from an outlet store is that you get 100% guaranteed original product, whether it’s a handbag, purse or any other leather product. And in my opinion, I will prefer to purchase an original product rather then a replica, so keep in mind that before paying for any product at any shopping store, check out the trade mark carefully, and find out that whether it’s the original product or not.

Mikasa Outlet Stores Offer Superior Clothing At Bargain Prices

Times being what they are, everyone, except the lucky few, are going through a cash crunch. So we are compelled to see that our dollar is stretched as much as it can. A great place where we can get more than our dollars worth and be very happy at the deal we have made is at Mikasa outlet stores.

Many of us are well aware of the home products that are available here. The place is renowned and has a big repute all across the globe. It has on offer a vast array of high quality, fabulous merchandise of exquisite design.

We may find some real pricey stuff at the retail stores of Mikasa, no doubt about that at all. Nevertheless, that should not depress us. The secret is, there is some real awesome stuff that is available, at anytime, at the outlet stores. We can pick up fabulous stuff here at real bargain prices.

The best part is, we do not have to travel miles on end and hunt endlessly for a Mikasa outlet. They are available all over the planet and in numerous outlets all across the United States of America. It does not matter where we live in America or which part of the world we are in, there is a store right near us.

We are assured of the best bargain price when we shop here, irrespective of which location we are shopping at. It is surprising when we look at the kind of savings we can make when shopping at any of these stores, anywhere.

Do not worry that the prices of their goods are not advertised online. This is only a part of their corporate policy. Just make it a point to visit one of the stores and we will be really shocked at the great bargain offers.

Although the goods here are quite inexpensive, there is no compromise on the quality. These products are of the very same materials and high standard manufacturing that we see at the other stores which sell the same products, at much higher prices. We can be assured that shopping at Mikasa outlet stores definitely gives more than our money’s worth.